Internet Timeline

1957
• The USSR launches the first satellite, Sputnik. To compete against the USSR's success at launching the first satellite, the United States Department of Defense creates the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA). ARPA is responsible for the development of new technology for use by the military.

1963
• The paper, A Conceptual Framework for the Augmentation of Man’s Intellect is published by Douglas Engelbart. The work outlines multimedia paradigms to be integrated into the Internet.

1964
• Rand Corporation proposes a new information network so that the United States could successfully communicate after a nuclear war.

1969
• The first host-to-host Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) connection is made on October 25, 1969, between the University of California at Los Angeles, and the Stanford Research Institute, Inc. (SRI) in Menlo Park, California. ARPANET is the world's first operational packet switching network and the core network of a set that came to compose the global Internet.

1972
• ARPANET begins to be used for communicating email.

1973
• The term “Internet” begins to be used.

1976
• Comet, the first commercial email software, is offered by the Computer Corporation of America for $40,000.

1977
• Near Menlo Park, California, SRI scientists demonstrate that a TCP (transmission control protocol) will successfully support seamless end to end transmission over mobile radio.

• ARCNET (Attached Resource Computer Network) the first commercial network, is developed by Datapoint Corporation.

1981
• Al Gore coins the term for the Internet “The Information Superhighway.”

1990
• The phrase “World Wide Web” is coined by Tim Berners-Lee.

1991
• Stanford Linear Accelerator (SLAC) becomes the first web server on the Internet.

1992
• Internet registration begins for .com, .net. .org, .edu, and .gov.

1993
• The Internet takes off as part of the world’s fastest growing information network.

• The MOSAIC Web Browser is born on the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign campus.
• Jim Clark and Marc Andreeson found Netscape Communications in Mountain View, California. Netscape is the first successful commercial Web browser.
• The World Wide Web is developed in CERN, the Institute for Particle Physics in Switzerland.

Note the difference between the Internet and the World Wide Web:
The Internet is a computer network consisting of a worldwide network of computer networks and cables that use the TCP/IP network protocols to facilitate data transmission and exchange. The World Wide Web is a computer network consisting of a collection of internet sites that offer text, graphics, sound and animation resources through the hypertext transfer protocol.

1995
• The independent programming language, JAVA, is created by Jim Gosling at Sun Microsystems.

• Yahoo! is founded in Santa Clara, California, and provides a web search engine, email service, mapping and more.

• The Dot-Com Boom roughly begins around this time.

1997
• Lucent Technology (a spin-off of AT&T) develops the first telephony system. The telephony system allows users to make phone calls over the Internet.  Ironically, this led to the eventual demise of the AT&T phone network.

• In 1997, there are 1 million domain registrants on the Internet.

• The term “weblog” is coined (and later shorted to “blog”).

1998
• There are now 3 million domain registrants on the Internet. The number of Web pages on the Internet is 300 million and growing by over 1.5 million per day.

• Google is founded in Menlo Park, California.

1999
• The Internet celebrates is 30th anniversary.

• There are over 5 million domain names registered on the Internet.

• There are approximately 100 million computers connected online.

• Traffic over the Internet is doubling every 100 days.

• The Internet economy is responsible for over 2.3 million jobs and over $507 billion in revenue.

2000
• The Dot-Com Bubble bursts.

2001
• Wikipedia is launched.

2002
• Internet World Stats counted over 544 million users on the Internet.

2004
• Facebook is founded in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

2005
• YouTube launches.

2006
• There are over 92 million websites online.

• Twitter is founded in San Francisco, California.

2007
• Internet World Stats counts over 1.3 billion web surfers worldwide as of December, 2007.

2008
• Internet World Stats counts over 1.4 billion web surfers worldwide as of June, 2008.

2009
• Internet World Stats counts over 1.6 billion web surfers worldwide as of June, 2009.

• The Internet celebrates its 40th anniversary.

2010
• Internet World Stats counts over 1.9 billion web surfers worldwide as of June, 2010.

2011
• Twitter and Facebook are the primary means of communication for the Middle East revolts.

2012
• Internet users scored an important victory in the battle to defeat the Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA)/Protect IP Act (PIPA) and to maintain Internet freedom.

2013
• On August 16, 2013, China's Internet was hit by the largest cyberattack in history.